Lac Cultivation by tribal’s in Yavatmal District – Maharashtra (India)
Introduction & Background:
Part I of this two-part series discussed the need to integrate the poor in the growth story. This is important because even the best designed and packaged products need buyers. The poor therefore need livelihood solutions that generate real income so that they can become potential consumers. It’s imperative to integrate the poor into the value chain as producers, suppliers, business partners, stakeholders and not merely as consumers so as to ensure that the cycle of prosperity continues and the fortune at the BOP grows. In the absence of real income even the best marketed products will find limited takers.
The relationship therefore needs to be symbiotic rather than an adversarial one –where only one party (seller) benefits.
This orientation implies the crafting of entirely new business solutions related to buying, manufacturing, packaging marketing and advertising products thereby contributing towards the goal of inclusive development.
This approach is very different from the common understanding and practice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) activity which involves a few people deciding external communication policies and undertaking some corporate image building activities-where the purpose is to create some short term publicity and use the poor as ‘props’. The BOP in its holistic sense involves comprehensive management and organization revamp, with a commitment to make a real measurable difference.
The Vital Mix:
The ideal combination therefore would involve:
- The Expertise (R&D, Training, Mentoring etc): This can be brought in by a grassroots level development agency / NGO/ equivalent organization.
- The Market Linkages: This can be facilitated by corporate who have the mechanism to link/ use the output produced by the BOP. Last mile distribution activities can be facilitated by involving the BOP especially in areas where access/ connectivity are an issue
- The land/labor/commitment: Since this is the most precious resource for the BOP it needs to be channelized in a way that it can generate sustainable livelihood solutions for the poor.
It’s important to realize that a singular solution won’t work. For eg: Just providing micro credit alone is not an answer to ensure that the poor are able to overcome the barriers connected to poverty. The Indian microfinance fiasco  is a classic example of a good idea gone wrong due to poor execution and lack of governance. Industry can hence partner with legitimate grassroots level initiatives so that the vital linkages required to set this cycle of interdependence are set in order
Lac Production in Gawrai village: Maharashtra
Nanza village is a forest-fringed tribal village in the Yawatmal district of Maharashtra. The Maharashtra Institute of Technology Transfer (MITTRA) launched a lac production project involving the local tribal’s to help them augment their income since they practiced mono crop(mainly cotton cultivation) and rain-fed agriculture. The tribal’s believed that lace was a naturally occurring substance and were unaware of the fact that it could be ‘cultivated’. In some cases the productivity of the land was
In November 2007, MITTRA purchased brood lac and trained the tribal’s and some local Self Help Groups (SHG’s) in lac inoculation and maintenance. This trial was undertaken at a volunteer/farmer’s land. After the training, the farmer harvested the mature lac. A quintal of lac from the first harvest, fetched the volunteer/ participating farmer Indian Rupees 3000. He sold more lac in the following year (2008).This motivated the other villagers/tribal’s who were encouraged by the outcome. Soon thereafter the tribal’s were counseled on the benefits of pooling their efforts and land resources together to benefit from their combined efforts from the inoculation stage till marketing. The profit generated was to be distributed among the members. The traditional destructive method of harvesting by using an axe was replaced by the more sophisticated option of using secateurs that were supplied to the villagers by MITTRA. On maturation, 360 kg of lac was harvested which fetched a joint income of Indian Rupees10, 000. The success of this experiment encouraged farmers from neighboring villages to come forward and obtain the necessary training from MITTRA. The next step that MITTRA is working on is to find market linkages such that this forest resource which is the lifeline of the tribal’s can be used to ensure a sustainable livelihood solution. They have also rolled out the lac cultivation project to other drought prone areas like Washim district and Vidharbha district – which witnessed record number of farmer suicides in the mid 2000’s due to mono crop failure and dependence on the rain-fed model of agriculture
 The author acknowledges the inputs received from Rupali Bidkar of BAIF-MITTRA Pune India.and from Mr S.E Pawar , Mr Girish Sohoni & his team whose relentless work and commitment has transformed many lives.(www.baif.org).